Expression of the Calcium-Binding Protein CALB1 Is Induced and Controls Intracellular Ca 2+ Levels in Senescent Cells.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Abstract:
      In response to many stresses, such as oncogene activation or DNA damage, cells can enter cellular senescence, a state of proliferation arrest accompanied by a senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Cellular senescence plays a key role in many physiopathological contexts, including cancer, aging and aging-associated diseases, therefore, it is critical to understand how senescence is regulated. Calcium ions (Ca2+) recently emerged as pivotal regulators of cellular senescence. However, how Ca2+ levels are controlled during this process is barely known. Here, we report that intracellular Ca2+ contents increase in response to many senescence inducers in immortalized human mammary epithelial cells (HMECs) and that expression of calbindin 1 (CALB1), a Ca2+-binding protein, is upregulated in this context, through the Ca2+-dependent calcineurin/NFAT pathway. We further show that overexpression of CALB1 buffers the rise in intracellular Ca2+ levels observed in senescent cells. Finally, we suggest that increased expression of Ca2+-binding proteins calbindins is a frequent mark of senescent cells. This work thus supports that, together with Ca2+channels, Ca2+-binding proteins modulate Ca2+ levels and flux during cellular senescence. This opens potential avenues of research to better understand the role of Ca2+ and of Ca2+-binding proteins in regulating cellular senescence. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of International Journal of Molecular Sciences is the property of MDPI and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)